Teaching Literacy

Elements of Literacy Instruction

Five essential reading elements that I focus on in the classroom include phonics, phonemic awareness, fluency, comprehension, and vocabulary.

Classroom Activities

  • Phonics and Phonemic Awareness

    • Word work
    • Word sorts
    • Blending and segmenting activities
    • Tap syllables
    • Poetry
  • Fluency

    • Model fluent reading
    • Repeat readings
    • Phrased reading
    • Readers theater
    • Guided oral reading instruction
    • Read to someone or listen to reading
  • Comprehension

    • Make Connections
    • Ask Questions
    • Visualize
    • Determine Text Importance
    • Make Inferences
    • Synthesize
    • Retell



  • Vocabulary

    • Read aloud
    • Guided reading
    • Semantic maps
    • Acting out word meanings
    • Give students access to a variety of genres.

Literacy Programs

During my classroom experiences, I have worked with different literacy programs. These include The Daily 5, Fountas and Pinnell Literacy Program: The Literacy Collaborative, Fundations, and Lucy Calkins’ Units of Study.

Key Ideas

  • The Daily 5

    Students complete five reading and writing choices while the teacher implements guided reading.

    • Read to Self,
    • Work on Writing,
    • Read to Someone,
    • Listen to Reading, and
    • Word Work.
  • Fundations

    Multisensory, structured language program that incorporates:

    • Phonemic awareness
    • Phonics/ word study
    • High frequency word study
    • Reading fluency
    • Vocabulary
    • Comprehension strategies
    • Handwriting
    • Spelling
  • Fountas and Pinnell Literacy Program/Literacy Collaborative

    • Leveled Literacy Intervention Program
    • Language and Word Study
    • Reading Workshop
    • Writing Workshop
  • Lucy Calkins Unit of Study

    A systematic curriculum that aligns with the three types of of Common Core writing.

    • Narrative Writing
    • Opinion Writing
    • Information Writing

Reading and Writing Workshop

Reading and writing workshop has been proven effective in teaching students literacy. ┬áThe following workshop is from “The Sisters” Daily 5 program.



Word Work

Read to Self

Read to Someone

Listen to Reading

Guided Reading